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Solar Power and How It Works

Each day, natural light hits the solar panels of your roof with photons or particles of sunlight). The solar panel transforms those photons into electrons of direct current or “DC” electricity. The electrons move out of the solar panel and into an inverter and other electrical safety machines or tools. The inverter converts that DC power (usually used in batteries) into alternating current or AC power. AC power is the electricity that your TV and other home appliances use when they are plugged into the wall socket.

Solar Cells

Solar cells are tiny, square-shaped panel semiconductors produced from silicon and other conductive materials, made in slim film layers. When sunlight comes in contact with a solar cell, chemical reactions discharge electrons, spawning electric current. Solar cells are known as photovoltaic cells or “PV cells” too and could be found on several minor appliances (for example, calculators).
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Components of a Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System
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Includeded in a PV system are PV modules or a bunch of PV cells generally referred to as PV panels; at least one battery; a charge regulator/controller for a stand-alone system; mounting hardware or a framework; an inverter for DC to AC solar power conversion of the system connected to the utility grid; and wiring. A PV module assembles separate PV cells, and the modules are collected in an array. Arrays are sometimes set on unique tracking devices to follow sunlight all through the day and boost system efficiency.

PV System Installation

Installing a photovoltaic (PV) or solar electric system by yourself is possible. However, to steer clear of difficulties or injury, you should hire a respectable professional contractor with a wealth of experience and offers a minimum system warranty of 10 years.


Although they are complicated electric systems, PV systems have few moving parts, so they necessitate minimal maintenance. The basic PV module comes with absolutely no moving parts and can survive more than three decades years while calling for little maintenance.


PV system components are designed to address strict dependability and durability standards. Installation and maintenance of a PV system is best done by a professional.

Sunlight Requirements

A photovoltaic (PV) system demands unimpeded access to the sun’s rays for most – if not all – of the day so it can be effective. Shading on the system can usually decreases energy output extensively. Climate is not a chief concern as PV systems are typically unaffected by air temperatures, and snow cover usually melts fast, with panels being positioned directly into the sunlight.

Solar PV System Size

The size of your solar system is dependent on a lot of factors, like your energy requirements, the amount of money you want to invest, the amount of energy you would like to generate, etc. A system designer or installer can give you expert recommendation as to the type of system that suits your needs.